The historical monuments of Egypt


Are you planning an upcoming trip to Egypt? Or, perhaps, for the sake of knowledge, do you just want to get to know the most beautiful places in the land of the pharaohs?

Our team has prepared for you a selection of 10 places that are absolutely essential for any self-respecting Egyptian getaway!

We will discover them together in this article:

  1. Temple of Abydos
  2. The Necropolis of Saqqarah
  3. The Thistlegorm dive site
  4. The White Desert
  5. Alexandria
  6. Cairo
  7. Abu Simbel
  8. Siwa Oasis
  9. The Temple of Karnak and the Valley of the Kings
  10. The Pyramids of Giza

After reading this article, you will have covered a large part of Egypt's cultural heritage.

So let's take a closer look at these 10 places, which are worth 1,000.

10) The temple of Abydos

Temple of Abydos

Your eyes will have the chance to observe the colors of the portraits and hieroglyphics of the temple of Abydos, still vivid after 3 millennia.

The dusty city of Abydos would be uninteresting without the incredible temple at its gates. The Temple of Osiris of Abydos is one of the most fascinating artistic treasures of ancient Egypt.

Its columns and thick walls, covered with magnificent hieroglyphics and intricate paintings, are most enchanting views. Better yet, your visit will be disconcertingly peaceful because despite its dazzling beauty, it receives few visitors compared to the temples of nearby Luxor.

9) The Necropolis of Saqqarah

The Necropolis of Saqqarah

The necropolis was the final resting place of the early pharaohs and their subjects before the technology needed to build the Pyramids at Giza was awaited by the ancient Egyptians.

Everyone has heard about the Pyramids of Giza, but they are not the only pyramids Egypt has up its sleeve. One day from Cairo, Saqqarah is the largest necropolis of the pharaohs of the Old Kingdom and shows how the ancient Egyptians advanced their architectural knowledge to finally create a true pyramid.

Here you will discover the experimental ancestors of the Pyramids of Giza: the step pyramid, the curved pyramid, and the red pyramid. The various tombs of the court nobles, whose interior walls are covered with friezes depicting the most intense scenes of Egyptian mythology, only confirm that the site is worth the detour.

8) The Thistlegorm dive site

The Thistlegorm dive site

Exploring the wreck of the Thistlegorm, this huge warship, will be possible after a short half-day training with local guides.

Beneath the surface of the Red Sea lies another world as fascinating as the temples and tombs on dry land.

Among the many offshore coral reefs, there are also a multitude of shipwrecks in the Gulf of Gubal and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. Of all the wrecks, the most famous is the Thistlegorm, a British warship of World War II that was on its way to supply British troops when it was sunk by the Germans in 1941.

Today, the site is considered by divers to be one of the top five best underwater wreck dives in the world due to the vast cargo of cars, motorcycles and Second World War memorabilia that you will have the opportunity to discover lying on the sea floor around the wreck but especially when entering the interior of the dark stranded ship.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced diver, you will leave this dive with an unforgettable memory. So let's meet in Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada where the departures of the diving boats to the huge wreck are organized!

7) The White Desert

White Desert

Chalk mountains in the middle of the desert, impressive isn't it?

Egypt's most bizarre natural wonder is the White Desert, where surrealistically shaped chalk mountains have created what looks like a snowy wonderland amidst arid sand.

The landscapes here resemble those of a science fiction movie, with blindingly white rocks that could be mistaken for icebergs.

For desert fans and adventurers, this is the most unusual playground there is. Those who have had their fill of temples and tombs will appreciate this changing natural landscape.

6) Alexandria


Qaytbay Fort erected in the 15th century on the ruins of the famous lighthouse of Alexandria.

Situated on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Alexandria has always been the main transportation hub in Egypt. Founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great, the city was once considered the crossroads of the world.

Many of its most famous historical sites, including its library which housed over 500,000 books, were destroyed by devastating earthquakes in the 14th century. Today, the city, though the shadow of its glorious cosmopolitan past, is still worth a visit for the few of its superbly preserved remains.

5) Cairo


The famous sarcophagus of Tutankhamun, made entirely of solid gold, representing the pharaoh with folded arms holding his royal attributes: the flail and the crook.

Located near the mouth of the Nile Delta, Egypt's modern capital is a bustling metropolis with a long and turbulent history. Built near the ancient capital Memphis, modern Cairo is the starting point for cruises on the Nile and for explorations of the Pyramids of Giza, located on the city's borders.

At the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, visitors can discover the treasure of Tutankamun as well as mummies and other objects from Egypt's ancient past.

4) Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel

Who would believe that Abu Simbel and its immense giants have been moved a hundred kilometers to preserve them from imminent engulfment?

Even in a country adorned with temples everywhere, Abu Simbel still has something special.

It is the great tomb of Rameses II, adorned with gigantic statues standing guard and watching over the tranquility of his eternal sleep. You will also discover an interior lavishly decorated with murals.

To add nothing to its exceptional character coming from its colossal size, Abu Simbel is also known for the incredible feat of its integral displacement.

Indeed, a vast UNESCO operation that lasted four years and requisitioned thousands of workers saved the tomb that was to be engulfed during the construction of the great Aswan Dam in the 1960s.

3) The oasis of Siwa

 Siwa Oasis

Siwa, an ancient city in the middle of the desert.

Located near Egypt's western border, the resplendent Siwa Oasis remained culturally isolated from the rest of the country until the late 19th century. Today, Siwa Oasis is an increasingly popular travel destination.

Vacationers come here to enjoy the splendid desert lakes, to stroll through acres of palm groves and to explore the ancient earthen fortresses and the remains of Siwa's Greco-Roman past.

2) The Karnak Temple in Luxor and the Valley of the Kings

Karnak Temple in Luxor and the Valley of the Kings

The temple of Karnak and its perfectly preserved high stone columns.

Famous for the Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Karnak and the memorial temple of Hatshepsut, the city of Luxor on the banks of the Nile in Upper Egypt is full of tourist attractions. It is the ancient city of Thebes, the power base of the New Kingdom pharaohs. It is home to more sights than most people can see in a single visit (or even in a lifetime).

While in the East, the city overflows with life in the souks, the quieter western part is home to a collection of tombs and temples that has been called the largest open-air museum in the world.

To understand why Luxor continues to fascinate historians and archaeologists to this day, spend a few days there. You can explore the colorful ancient wall art of the tombs and marvel at the colossal columns of the temples still standing after millennia.

1) The Pyramids of Giza

Giza Pyramid

Whatever the duration of the journey the gigantic Pyramids of Giza are unavoidable.

The Giza Necropolis, located in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo, is probably the most famous ancient site in the world. The fantastic pyramids have become, alongside the Sphinx at the base of the Giza Plateau, the iconic image of Egypt.

They were built over three generations by Khufu, his second son Khafre and his grandson Menkaure. Next to these major monuments are a number of smaller, yet still grand structures known as royal pyramids, causeways, and temples.

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